Gender Based Violence at the family level and violence against girls and boys within the society is closely linked to child poverty. This violence perpetuates and exacerbates child poverty and factors that lead to child poverty, on the one hand. On the other hand, there is a high prevalence of Gender Based Violence and violence against boys and girls, in families affected by poverty and in low-income communities.
Gender Based Violence is systematic, cultural and structural violence perpetuated and experienced by an individual because of their gender identity, characteristics and roles – as a male or a female. In this context, Gender Based Violence would be identified as violence towards a woman/women, man/men, boy(s) or girl(s). Gender Based Violence is perpetuated and experienced in the form of intimidation, discrimination and/or abuse that is psychological, economic, physical or sexual.
Gender Based Violence is based on the perceptions and values placed on gender identities, characteristics and roles, by a given community. Gender Based Violence is also based on the power dynamics in the relationships between genders. At a macro level, these perceptions, values and power dynamics are shaped by socio-cultural beliefs including religion and faith beliefs, as well as political and economic ecosystems. At a micro level, the gender perspectives and values are primarily based on family upbringing, individual conviction and social strata.
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Gender Based Violence would therefore arise because of a seemingly “lesser value” or “lesser power” placed on particular gender and the reinforcing acceptance of behavior which allows for violence. Past history of violence in the family is also a factor; and situations of societal conflict, post conflict and displacement, may exacerbate existing forms and present additional forms of Gender Based Violence.